International Journal of Sustainable Development Research

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Factors Affecting the Adoption of Improved Planting Materials by Cassava Farmers in Ekiti State, Nigeria

Received: 3 July 2017    Accepted: 18 July 2017    Published: 12 September 2017
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Abstract

The study was carried out to examine the factors affecting the adoption of improved planting materials by cassava farmers in Ekiti State, Nigeria. One hundred and eighty cassava farmers were selected through random sampling procedure. Data were collected from them using a set of well-structured questionnaire. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and econometric method of data analysis, using binary logistic regression model to analyze the probability of adoption of improved cassava planting materials. The study revealed that 59.1% of the respondents were above 50 years old while majority (85.1%) were male, 66.9% were married. The result reported further 51.9% had formal education while 48.1% did not attend any formal school. Majority of the sampled farmers (66.3%) took farming as major occupation as 75.7% of the farmers had less than one hectare as their farm size. In having access to extension service, 50.8% of the respondents claimed to have been visited while 49.2% did not. Their sources of awareness indicate that majority (37.6%), got aware of innovation on radio, closely followed by 28.2% from extension agents and 26.4% from other farmers who are either colleagues or farm neighbour. The study of adoption level indicates that majority (55.8%) had finally adopted, 19.3% are on trial stage, 7.2% are still evaluating, 13.8% had shown interest in knowing more about improved varieties while only 3.9% said truly they were aware that improved cassava cultivars was available in town. The result of logit regression (R2) of 0.65 is high meaning that about 65% of adoption of improved cassava planting material is explained by the explanatory variables. The result further reported that output and farming experience were statistically significant at 1% while farm size and access to extension services were statistically significant at 5%. Also, age, level of education and access to credit were statistically significant at 10%. It implies that the statistically significant variables greatly influenced the adoption of improved cassava planting materials in the study area. Cassava production is however fraught with many problems with insufficient labour being the highest (34.2%) followed by pest and diseases 23.8%, others are high cost of labour 16.6%, lack of credit 10.0%, low extension contacts 8.8% marketing problem 5.0% and others.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijsdr.20170303.11
Published in International Journal of Sustainable Development Research (Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2017)
Page(s) 27-31
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Adoption, Improved Planting Materials, Cassava Farmers, Binary Logistic Regression

References
[1] Adeyinka, B. B. (2006): Some Strategies for the Development of Nigeria Agricultural Sector in modern days. Economics and Financial Review, CBN vol. 41 No 11, June 2006, PP 71 – 84.
[2] Ezedinma, T., Polson, R. A. and Spencer, D. S. (2006): The Technology Adoption Process in Subsistence Agriculture: the case of cassava in South Western Nigeria. Agricultural Systems. 35 (1): 65–77.
[3] Central Bank of Nigeria (2002): Annual Reports. Performances of Agriculture on Gross Domestic Products (GDP). Vol. 2 manual series 0014. CBN. Pp 7-12.
[4] Cock, A. R. (2005): The Technology Adoption in Subsistence in South Western Nigeria. Agricultural System, 36 (1).
[5] Mahmoud A. P. (2006): Sustainable cassava production in Nigeria: Farmers Technology Adoption in Relation to Socio – Economic Factors. Agricultural system 37, pp 183–192.
[6] Dalton, N. and Guei, T. (2003): Presidential Initiative on Cassava Production in Nigeria 14 – 16 June, 2003.
[7] Dixon, A. O. (2008): Article publication of Tobit Analysis of Agricultural Innovation: A study on fertilizer application among Nigerian cassava farmers. Oxford Agrarian studies 14; 26–51.
[8] Adeniran, O. A. (2003): “It’s all about Ekiti” Creation, Politics and Development of Ekiti State. Published by Babalogbon Printing Press, Ado – Ekiti, pg 14–15.
[9] Feeder, G. Just R., Ziberman D. (2004): Adoption of Agricultural Innovations in developing countries: A survey. Economic Development and Cultural Change 33: 255–298.
[10] Awe, D. A. (1999). Soil fertility management using organic fertilizers and low-external-input techniques in southwestern Nigeria. Paper presented at a National Workshop on Soil Conservation and Soil Management for Sustainable Rural Development in Nigeria, Ibadan 5th -7th November.
[11] Adesina, A. A. and Zinnah, M. M. (2006): Technology Characteristics, Farmers Perception and Adoption Decisions: I. A. Tobit model application in Sierra Leone. Agricultural Economics (1992) Pp 17–23.
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    Adetule F. S., Owoeye R. S., Sekumade Adelomo Bosede. (2017). Factors Affecting the Adoption of Improved Planting Materials by Cassava Farmers in Ekiti State, Nigeria. International Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 3(3), 27-31. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijsdr.20170303.11

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    Adetule F. S.; Owoeye R. S.; Sekumade Adelomo Bosede. Factors Affecting the Adoption of Improved Planting Materials by Cassava Farmers in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Int. J. Sustain. Dev. Res. 2017, 3(3), 27-31. doi: 10.11648/j.ijsdr.20170303.11

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    AMA Style

    Adetule F. S., Owoeye R. S., Sekumade Adelomo Bosede. Factors Affecting the Adoption of Improved Planting Materials by Cassava Farmers in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Int J Sustain Dev Res. 2017;3(3):27-31. doi: 10.11648/j.ijsdr.20170303.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijsdr.20170303.11,
      author = {Adetule F. S. and Owoeye R. S. and Sekumade Adelomo Bosede},
      title = {Factors Affecting the Adoption of Improved Planting Materials by Cassava Farmers in Ekiti State, Nigeria},
      journal = {International Journal of Sustainable Development Research},
      volume = {3},
      number = {3},
      pages = {27-31},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijsdr.20170303.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijsdr.20170303.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijsdr.20170303.11},
      abstract = {The study was carried out to examine the factors affecting the adoption of improved planting materials by cassava farmers in Ekiti State, Nigeria. One hundred and eighty cassava farmers were selected through random sampling procedure. Data were collected from them using a set of well-structured questionnaire. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and econometric method of data analysis, using binary logistic regression model to analyze the probability of adoption of improved cassava planting materials. The study revealed that 59.1% of the respondents were above 50 years old while majority (85.1%) were male, 66.9% were married. The result reported further 51.9% had formal education while 48.1% did not attend any formal school. Majority of the sampled farmers (66.3%) took farming as major occupation as 75.7% of the farmers had less than one hectare as their farm size. In having access to extension service, 50.8% of the respondents claimed to have been visited while 49.2% did not. Their sources of awareness indicate that majority (37.6%), got aware of innovation on radio, closely followed by 28.2% from extension agents and 26.4% from other farmers who are either colleagues or farm neighbour. The study of adoption level indicates that majority (55.8%) had finally adopted, 19.3% are on trial stage, 7.2% are still evaluating, 13.8% had shown interest in knowing more about improved varieties while only 3.9% said truly they were aware that improved cassava cultivars was available in town. The result of logit regression (R2) of 0.65 is high meaning that about 65% of adoption of improved cassava planting material is explained by the explanatory variables. The result further reported that output and farming experience were statistically significant at 1% while farm size and access to extension services were statistically significant at 5%. Also, age, level of education and access to credit were statistically significant at 10%. It implies that the statistically significant variables greatly influenced the adoption of improved cassava planting materials in the study area. Cassava production is however fraught with many problems with insufficient labour being the highest (34.2%) followed by pest and diseases 23.8%, others are high cost of labour 16.6%, lack of credit 10.0%, low extension contacts 8.8% marketing problem 5.0% and others.},
     year = {2017}
    }
    

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    T1  - Factors Affecting the Adoption of Improved Planting Materials by Cassava Farmers in Ekiti State, Nigeria
    AU  - Adetule F. S.
    AU  - Owoeye R. S.
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    DO  - 10.11648/j.ijsdr.20170303.11
    T2  - International Journal of Sustainable Development Research
    JF  - International Journal of Sustainable Development Research
    JO  - International Journal of Sustainable Development Research
    SP  - 27
    EP  - 31
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2575-1832
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijsdr.20170303.11
    AB  - The study was carried out to examine the factors affecting the adoption of improved planting materials by cassava farmers in Ekiti State, Nigeria. One hundred and eighty cassava farmers were selected through random sampling procedure. Data were collected from them using a set of well-structured questionnaire. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and econometric method of data analysis, using binary logistic regression model to analyze the probability of adoption of improved cassava planting materials. The study revealed that 59.1% of the respondents were above 50 years old while majority (85.1%) were male, 66.9% were married. The result reported further 51.9% had formal education while 48.1% did not attend any formal school. Majority of the sampled farmers (66.3%) took farming as major occupation as 75.7% of the farmers had less than one hectare as their farm size. In having access to extension service, 50.8% of the respondents claimed to have been visited while 49.2% did not. Their sources of awareness indicate that majority (37.6%), got aware of innovation on radio, closely followed by 28.2% from extension agents and 26.4% from other farmers who are either colleagues or farm neighbour. The study of adoption level indicates that majority (55.8%) had finally adopted, 19.3% are on trial stage, 7.2% are still evaluating, 13.8% had shown interest in knowing more about improved varieties while only 3.9% said truly they were aware that improved cassava cultivars was available in town. The result of logit regression (R2) of 0.65 is high meaning that about 65% of adoption of improved cassava planting material is explained by the explanatory variables. The result further reported that output and farming experience were statistically significant at 1% while farm size and access to extension services were statistically significant at 5%. Also, age, level of education and access to credit were statistically significant at 10%. It implies that the statistically significant variables greatly influenced the adoption of improved cassava planting materials in the study area. Cassava production is however fraught with many problems with insufficient labour being the highest (34.2%) followed by pest and diseases 23.8%, others are high cost of labour 16.6%, lack of credit 10.0%, low extension contacts 8.8% marketing problem 5.0% and others.
    VL  - 3
    IS  - 3
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension Services, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria

  • Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension Services, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria

  • Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension Services, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria

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