Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2019, Page: 98-105
A Research on the Role Played by Local and International Media into Conflict Management
Ibrahim T. I. Ukka, School of Journalism and Information Communication, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
Bienmali Kombate, School of Journalism and Information Communication, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
Received: Apr. 6, 2019;       Accepted: May 16, 2019;       Published: Dec. 25, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijsdr.20190504.12      View  248      Downloads  99
Abstract
While several scholar had drew their study focusing on the role of media into conflict management, few have pay attention to the types, levels, and phases of the conflict. Looking to fulfill the research gap, this study aimed to investigate the effect of media into conflict management focusing on the level of media. Israel and Palestine conflict was use as a case study and to frame the analysis, the research data were collected through a series of questionnaires. As concluded by previous scholars, local media are a potential tool of deescalating in global conflict, in line with these literatures, our finding show that local media are source of peace building and conflict deescalating however international media interfere into conflict management according to their national interest and as an instrument of influencing foreign policy to the parties involve. We finally concluded that the current and future relationship and level of tension between Israel and Palestine could be predict by Al jazera.
Keywords
International Media, Local Media, Media Effect, Conflict, Israel, Palestine
To cite this article
Ibrahim T. I. Ukka, Bienmali Kombate, A Research on the Role Played by Local and International Media into Conflict Management, International Journal of Sustainable Development Research. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2019, pp. 98-105. doi: 10.11648/j.ijsdr.20190504.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
P. Robinson, “Moving media and conflict studies beyond the CNN effect Eytan Gilboa Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert Jason Miklian,” vol. 42, no. 0134, pp. 654–672, 2016.
[2]
Gilboa, “Media Coverage of International Negotiation: A Taxonomy of Levels and Effects,” Int. Negot., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 543–568, 2003.
[3]
G. Helmke and S. Levitsky, “Helmke, Levidsky (2004) Informal institutions and comparative ploitics; a research agenda,” vol. 2, no. 4, 2004.
[4]
C. Newbold, “Approaches to cultural hegemony within cultural studies,” Approaches to Media A Reader. London Edward Arnold, 1995.
[5]
F. Armao, M. Randall-Schab, A. T. Leverton, K. E. B. von Wittelsbach, and E. B. Pisani, “Inside war: Understanding the evolution of organised violence in the global era,” Insid. War Underst. Evol. Organised Violence Glob. Era, no. January, pp. 1–206, 2015.
[6]
B. S. Himelfarb and M. Chabalowski, “Medi, Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding :,” pp. 1–5, 2008.
[7]
J. Wiley and M. Junei, “Global Communications, International Affairs, and the Media since 1945 by Philip M. Taylor Review by : Eliot A. Cohen Published by : Council on Foreign Relations Stable URL : http://www.jstor.org/stable/20048909. Your use of the JSTOR archive indicat,” vol. 77, no. 3, pp. 137–138, 2014.
[8]
R. S. Greenberger, “Dateline Capitol Hill: The New Majority’s Foreign Policy,” Foreign Policy, vol. 101, no. 101, p. 159, 2006.
[9]
T. A. Van Dijk, News analysis: Case studies of international and national news in the press. Routledge, 2013.
[10]
J. Habermas, “Political communication in media society: Does democracy still enjoy an epistemic dimension? The impact of normative theory on empirical research,” Commun. Theory, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 411–426, 2006.
[11]
S. Kendzior, “A Reporter Without Borders,” Probl. Post-Communism, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 40–50, 2010.
[12]
R. O. Mensah and A. Acquah, “Assessing the Role of the Mass Media to Conflict Resolution in Tuabodom Assessing the Role of the Mass Media to Conflict Resolution in Tuabodom,” no. October, pp. 0–5, 2017.
[13]
J. C. Menaut, J. Gignoux, C. Prado, and J. Clobert, “Tree community dynamics in a humid savanna of the Cote-d’Ivoire: modelling the effects of fire and competition with grass and neighbours,” J. Biogeogr., pp. 471–481, 1990.
[14]
H. Koné, “La dynamique des medias dans les societes en mutation. Le cas de la cote d’ivoire.” Strasbourg 1, 1989.
[15]
M. Pierre, D. D. Sébastien, K. Mathias, and M. A. Franck, “Control of the cholinesterases of the pesticides applicators in Abidjan (Côte d’Ivoire),” Eur. J. Sci. Res., vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 176–182, 2010.
[16]
P. D. Arpa, “Government und the Press What Partnership for Good Gove ranee in Nigeria ’ Government And The Press : What Partnership For Good Governance In Government And The Press : What Partnership For Good Governance In Nigeria ?,” no. January 2012, 2016.
[17]
V. Hawkins, “National interest or business interest: Coverage of conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo in The Australian newspaper,” Media, War Confl., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 67–84, 2009.
[18]
P. Goddard, P. Robinson, and K. Parry, “Patriotism meets plurality: reporting the 2003 Iraq War in the British press,” Media, War Confl., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 9–30, 2008.
[19]
M. Gibbert, “W Hat P Asses a S a R Igorous C Ase S Tudy ?,” vol. 29, no. 13, pp. 1465–1474, 2008.
[20]
M. Elfadil and Y. Suliman, “Introduction to Space Science and Solar Cells This pdf circulated in A workshop on Introduction to Space Science and Solar Cells,” vol. 6, no. 036, 2014.
[21]
M. Jobbins and F. Ahitungiye, “Peacebuilding and Conflict Prevention in Burundi’s 2015 Election Crisis,” Glob. Summitry, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 205–218, 2016.
[22]
G. Fischer, “Full-Text,” Context. Syst. ‘Right’ Information, ‘Right’ Time, ‘Right’ Place, ‘Right’ Way, to ‘Right’ Pers., 2012.
[23]
T. M. Singelis, M. H. Bond, W. F. Sharkey, and C. S. Y. Lai, “Unpackaging culture’s influence on self-esteem and embarrassability: The role of self-construals,” J. Cross. Cult. Psychol., vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 315–341, 1999.
[24]
H. Gardner and N. Plant, “Oxygen Radical Chemistry p. 78,” no. March, 2016.
[25]
F. International, M. Support, B. A. Puddephatt, and I. M. Support, “Conflict and the role of the media,” Conflict, no. April, 2006.
[26]
V. Blondel, A. Gajardo, M. Heymans, P. Senellart, and P. Van Dooren, “A measure of similarity between graph vertices,” 2004.
[27]
B. P. Carlin and T. A. Louis, Bayesian methods for data analysis. CRC Press, 2008.
[28]
N. Nadeem, “Identity and leadership in virtual communities: establishing credibility and influence,” Choice Rev. Online, vol. 51, no. 11, pp. 51-6217-51–6217, 2014.
[29]
P. M. Elliott, “2014 ESC guidelines on diagnosis and management of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy,” Russ. J. Cardiol., vol. 121, no. 5, pp. 7–57, 2015.
[30]
P. Lunt and S. Livingstone, “Language and the media: An emerging field for social psychology Book section,” new Handb. Lang. Soc. Psychol., pp. 585–600, 2001.
[31]
G. Li, Y. Wu, and K. Gao, “Effects of typhoon Kaemi on coastal phytoplankton assemblages in the South China Sea, with special reference to the effects of solar UV radiation,” J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosciences, vol. 114, no. 4, 2009.
[32]
L. Tsaliki, “The Media and the Construction of an ‘Imagined Community’: The Role of Media Events on Greek Television,” Eur. J. Commun., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 345–370, 1995.
[33]
M. Billig, Banal nationalism. sage, 1995.
[34]
M. J. Pitts and J. F. Nussbaum, “Integrating the past and paving the future: Examining current trends and extending boundaries of language and social psychology research,” J. Lang. Soc. Psychol., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 197–202, 2006.
[35]
R. Hass, “Rejuvenation in distinct cell populations - What does it mean?,” Exp. Gerontol., vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 634–638, 2009.
[36]
A. Bell, “Language Style as Audience Design Author ( s ): Allan Bell Published by : Cambridge University Press Stable URL : http://www.jstor.org/stable/4167516,” vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 145–204, 1984.
[37]
B. Simon and C. Kiel, “Simon Klandermans,” pp. 319–331, 2001.
[38]
B. Kombate, “Extra-Financial Analysis of IFRS Adoption and Application in Developing Country: the Case of Indonesia.” Universitas Sebelas Maret, 2017.
[39]
F. Papy and S. Chauvin, “Users and librarians: communities dissociated by practice to bring closer by interest.”
[40]
A. C. Gunther, “Biased Press or Biased Public? Attitudes Toward Media Coverage of Social Groups,” Public Opin. Q., vol. 56, no. 2, p. 147, 1992.
[41]
L. Schamber and G. Marchionini, “Information Seeking in Electronic Environments,” J. Educ. Libr. Inf. Sci., vol. 37, no. 1, p. 81, 2010.
[42]
M. J. Bates, “The design of browsing and berrypicking techniques for the online search interface,” Online Rev., vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 407–424, 1989.
[43]
A. Abunimah, One country: A bold proposal to end the Israeli-Palestinian impasse. Macmillan, 2006.
[44]
J. H. F. Botes, D. J. Bosch, and L. K. Oosthuizen, “A simulation and optimization approach for evaluating irrigation information,” Agric. Syst., vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 165–183, 1996.
[45]
S. Jäger and J. Link, Die vierte gewalt. 1993.
[46]
T. A. Van Dijk, Discourse as social interaction, vol. 2. Sage, 1997.
[47]
E. Gowing et al., “Chemical characterization of Aβ 17-42 peptide, a component of diffuse amyloid deposits of Alzheimer disease,” J. Biol. Chem., vol. 269, no. 15, pp. 10987–10990, 1994.
[48]
M. Shaw and D. Garlan, Software architecture, vol. 101. prentice Hall Englewood Cliffs, 1996.
[49]
M. A. C. Perryman et al., “The Hyades: distance, structure, dynamics, and age,” arXiv Prepr. astro-ph/9707253, 1997.
[50]
L. Minear, C. Scott, and T. G. Weiss, The news media, civil war, and humanitarian action. Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1996.
[51]
Gandini and M. N. Belgacem, “Furans in polymer chemistry,” Prog. Polym. Sci., vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 1203–1379, 1997.
[52]
R. A. Robinson and R. H. Stokes, Electrolyte solutions. Courier Corporation, 2002.
[53]
J. Dannull et al., “Enhancement of vaccine-mediated antitumor immunity in cancer patients after depletion of regulatory T cells,” J. Clin. Invest., vol. 115, no. 12, pp. 3623–3633, 2005.
[54]
D. Oyserman, M. Kemmelmeier, and H. M. Coon, “Cultural psychology, a new look: Reply to Bond (2002), Fiske (2002), Kitayama (2002), and Miller (2002).,” 2002.
[55]
P. Seib, The Al Jazeera effect: How the new global media are reshaping world politics. Potomac Books, Inc., 2008.
[56]
M. E. Zingarelli, “The CNN effect and the Al Jazeera effect in global politics and society.” Georgetown University, 2010.
Browse journals by subject